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Was Thinking, Oh My God — Did We Have Some Role in This? This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 38,771. The Lima Army Tank Plant, built in 1941, is the sole producer of the M1 Abrams. This section needs additional citations for verification.

In the years after the American Revolution, the Shawnee were the most prominent residents of west central Ohio, growing in numbers and permanency after the 1794 Treaty of Greenville. The creation of the Shawnee reservation freed other lands in the area for settlement, and in February 1820, the Ohio legislature formally established Allen County. In 1831 the Shawnee were forced to surrender all their land in the area to the United States and relocated to Kansas, opening all of Allen County to settlement. The name «Lima» was reputedly chosen in a nod to the Peruvian capital which, during the 1800s, was a major source of quinine, an anti-malaria drug for which there had been a demand in the region, an area known as the Great Black Swamp. Since 1831, Lima has been the center of government for Allen County, the first of its three courthouses erected in the city’s first year.

The foundations of city life followed in quick order. The first school appeared in 1832. 1836 brought the first newspaper to Lima. Lima was officially organized as a city in 1842. The first public school opened in 1850. Countywide problems caused by the contaminated water supply were not solved until 1886 when Lima started a municipal water system. Stimulated by the economic boom in nearby Findlay, in 1885 Lima businessman Benjamin C.

Faurot drilled for natural gas at his paper mill. On May 19, oil was discovered instead of gas. The oil well never realized enormous profits, but it triggered Lima’s oil industry, bringing John D. Economic development brought money for arts and entertainment. Benjamin Faurot’s Opera House opened in 1882, a nationally renowned structure so impressive that New Yorkers used it as a model for their own theaters. In 1907, Lima built its first movie theater. In the early 20th century, Benjamin A.

Gramm and his close friend Max Bernstein formed the Gramm-Bernstein Company, which became a pioneer in the motor truck industry. During World War I, Gramm created the «Liberty truck», which was welcomed upon its arrival in Washington, D. After World War I, Allen County’s population growth lagged the state and the nation. Galvin was an assistant superintendent at the Peru Steel Casting Co.

He then became acting manager at American Steel Foundries in Pittsburgh. In 1921, Lima voters approved a change in the structure of Lima city government. The darker side of the progressive era revealed itself in the prominence of the Ku Klux Klan in the city. It was a center for the Black Legion, a notoriously violent subset of the Klan.